Ayurveda or the Indian system of medicine is perhaps the oldest system of medicine and treatment in the world. We can trace back the history of the principles of Ayurveda to the Indus Valley civilization or even before it. But those medical practices didn’t bare the name Ayurveda. It was from the Vedic age, after the advent of Aryans, Ayurveda got its nomenclature and independent status. The Vedic age revolutionized the world culture by the four Vedas, Rig, Yajur, Sama and Adharva. Ayurveda with its concise format is actually the part of the fourth Veda, Adharava. But from the time of the world famous Vaidya (physician) and a master surgeon, Sushruta, that Ayurveda developed into a vast ocean of medical science. His contributions were supplemented and complimented by Charaka, the other end master surgeon and physician. Together they changed the zodiac signs of medical science.
Ayurveda, also like Unani, believes that human body is balanced by humors. In Ayurveda, it is distinctly asserted that three humors are vata, pitta and kapha .The balancing of these three creates the perfect health and imbalance creates ailments. An ailment stricken person, after detailed examination -physical and mental, by an Ayurveda vaidya does not only undergo a treatment of that particular disease but he is empowered with a holistic way to relieve from complete imbalancing, his body and mind suffer.